The Essence of Bhagavadgita – Page 10


Page 10. Cont..


Stanza 121:

त्रैविद्या मां सोमपाः पूतपापा यज्ञैरिष्ट्वा स्वर्गतिं प्रार्थयन्ते।
ते पुण्यमासाद्य सुरेन्द्रलोकमश्र्नन्ति दिव्यान्दिवि देवभोगान्॥

Those who follow three Vedic traditions namely Rigveda, Yajurveda and Saamaveda, and follow the duties envisaged in them with the intention of reaching the heaven, such people through those good deeds reach the divine planes like heaven and enjoy the fruits of their action.

Stanza 122:

ते तं भुक्त्वा स्वर्गलोकं विशालं क्षीणे पुण्ये मर्त्यलोकं विशन्ति । एवं त्रयीधर्ममनुप्रपन्ना गतागतं कामकामा लभन्ते॥

After enjoying the fruits of their good deeds (for fulfilling the vedic duties) they return to the worldly plane. Thus, those who perform all the duties enjoined in the three vedas with desires will take birth again and again.
( Lord Krishna makes it clear here that performing the duties envisaged in three vedas does not lead to salvation. )

Stanza 123:

वेदेषु यज्ञेषु तपःसु चैव दानेषु यत्पुण्यफलं प्रदिष्टम्।
अत्येति तत्सर्वमिदं विदित्वा योगी परं स्थानमुपैति चाद्यम्॥

Who ever attains YOGA (through Meditation. The word Yoga should not be mistaken for the practise of Yogasanas and Pranayama) will transcend (go beyond) even the good Karma (Punya) that can be attained by the practise of Vedas, Yagnas, Homas and Charity etc.. and will reach the eternal state i.e. Salvation ( in the Supreme Being. Salvation is attainable only by neutralising both good and bad karma ).

Stanza 124:

अनन्याश्चिन्तयन्तो मां ये जनाः पर्युपासते ।
तेषां नित्याभियुक्तानां योगक्षेमं वहाम्यहम् ॥

Those who constantly meditate on ME with dedication at all possible time, I will take care of their well being as well as their spiritual evolution ( Yoga ).

Stanza 125:

यान्ति देवव्रता देवान् पितॄन्यान्ति पितृव्रताः ।
भूतानि यान्ति भूतेज्या यांति मद्याजिनोऽपि माम्॥

Those who worship Gods, they reach them. Those who worship their fore fathers, they reach them. Those who worship five elements of nature, they reach them. But those who worship ME they reach ME and they will not have rebirth.

Stanza 126:

ये यथामां प्रपद्यन्ते तांस्तथैव भजाम्यहम् ।
मम वर्त्मानुवर्तंते मनुष्याः पार्थ सर्वशः ॥

Whoever worships ME in whatever form, I respond to them in the same form. Knowing this, mankind follows various means to reach ME.

Stanza 127:

पत्रं पुष्पं फलं तोयं यो मे भक्त्या प्रयच्छति ।
तदहं भक्त्युपहृतमश्र्नामि प्रयतात्मनः ॥

Whatever the devotees offer ME like leaves, flowers, fruits or even water with devotion ( from the bottom of their hearts ), I accept them and grace them.

Stanza 128:

शुभाशुभफलैरेवं मोक्ष्यसे कर्मबन्धनैः ।
संन्यासयोगयुक्तात्मा विमुक्तो मामुपैष्यसि ॥

Dedicate all your actions to ME with the renunciant state of mind. You will be freed from the bondage of the fruits of your actions (karma) and you will reach ME.

Stanza 129 & 130:

अपि चेत्सुदुराचारो भजते मामनन्यभाक् ।
साधुरेव स मन्तव्यः सम्यग्व्यवसितो हि सः ॥
क्षिप्रं भवति धर्मात्मा शश्वच्छान्तिं निगच्छति ।
कौन्तेय प्रति जानीहि न मे भक्तः प्रणश्यति ॥

Even if the greatest sinner meditates on ME with devotion and dedication, he too will gradually become a good person, and moves towards righteousness and derive eternal peace. Arjuna, know the truth that MY devotees will never be destroyed nor damned .

Stanza 131:

मन्मना भव मद्भक्तो मद्याजी मां नमस्कुरु ।
मामेवैष्यसि युक्तैवमात्मानं मत्परायणः ॥

Therefore, dedicate yourself to ME with total devotion. You will reach ME without fail.

Stanza 132:

अहमात्मा गुडाकेश सर्वभूताशयस्थितः ।
अहमादिश्च मध्यं च भूतानामन्त एव च ॥

I am the essence of all the aspects of creation (living and non living) and also the beginning, middle and the end of it. I am also the soul of all the living beings and their beginning, middle and the end.

Stanza 133:

कथं विद्यामहं योगिंस्त्वां सदा परिचिन्तयन् ।
केषु केषु च भावेषु चिन्त्योऽसि भगवन्मया ॥

Arjuna asked : Krishna how to constantly remember you ?. What are your expressed forms in the creation by which I can recognize you and worship ?.

( Here Arjuna is looking for such aspects of nature where the Supreme Being is more expressed in the creation than in the normal aspects of creation so that he can revere HIM even through them. It is just like waves are there in the sea but high tidal waves are more expressed than the normal waves ).

Stanza 134:

सर्गाणामादिरन्तश्च मध्यं चैवाहमर्जुन ।
आध्यात्मविद्या विद्यानां वादः प्रवदतामहम् ॥

Lord Krishna said “ I am the beginning of the creation , its middle and the end . Among the knowledges I am the Spiritual knowledge ”.

Stanza 135:

महर्षीणां भृगुरहं गिरामस्म्येकमक्षरम् ।
यज्ञानां जपयज्ञोऽस्मि स्थावराणां हिमालयः ॥

I am the “OOM” among sounds. Among the Mountains I am the Himalayas. Among the spiritual practises I am the JAPA ( Meditation ).

See part 3 – Natural Meditation.

Stanza 136:

अश्वत्थः सर्ववृक्षाणं देवर्षिणां च नारदः ।
गंधर्वाणां चित्ररथः सिद्धानां कपिलो मुनिः ॥

Among the divine sages I am Naaradha. Among trees I am the peepul (Ashwatha) tree .

Stanza 137:

प्रह्लादश्चास्मि दैत्यानां कालः कलयतामहम् ।
मृगाणां च मृगेन्द्रोऽहं वैनतेयश्च पक्षिणाम् ॥

Among the Asuras I am Prahlada. Time among measures and Garuda among birds ( a golden brown coloured eagle with wide white stripe all around its neck, and it is considered as the vehicle of Lord Vishnu ).

Stanza 138:

वेदानां सामवेदोऽस्मि देवानामस्मि वासवः ।
इन्द्रियाणां मनश्चास्मि भूतानामस्मि चेतना ॥

Among the senses I am the mind. I am the energy in the matter and the consciousness in the living Beings .